Pomeranian descended from the Spitz family
of dogs, the sled dogs of Iceland and
Lapland. The breed takes its name from the
historical region of Pomerania that makes up
the southern coast of the Baltic sea (now
present day Germany and Poland), not because
it originated there, but because this was
most likely where it was bred down to size.
In its larger form, the dog served as an
able herder of sheep. When it first came to
notice in Britain in the middle of the 19th
century, some specimens were said to weigh
as much as thirty pounds and to resemble the
German wolf spitz in size, coat and color.
In 1870 the Kennel Club (England) recognized
the so-called spitz dog. In 1888 a
Pomeranian named "Marco" was sent
from Florence, Italy to become the beloved
companion of Queen Victoria of England.
Because the Queen was a popular monarch, the
breed's popularity grew as well. In fact,
the Queen is credited for advocating the
trend toward the smaller Poms.
Pomeranians were shown in the United States
in the Miscellaneous Class as far back as
1892, but regular classification was not
provided until 1900 at New York. In 1911 the
American Pomeranian Club held its first
specialty show. Early American winners were
heavier in bone, larger in ear and usually
weighed under six pounds. They had type and
good coat texture, although they lacked the
profuseness of coat in evidence today.
Diminutive size, docile temper and a
vivacious spirit plus sturdiness have made
Pomeranians great pets and companions.
Updated: November 06, 2010