The Pomeranian is the toy-sized member of the
Spitz family of dogs, a branch of the Spitz group which also includes the
Samoyed, Keeshond, Siberian Husky, Alaskan Malamute, Norwegian Elkhound,
Finnish Spitz, Chow Chow and American Eskimo Dog to name a few. Prior to being
bred down to their current size, their ancestors were used by the Nordic peoples
as sled pulling dogs and to herd reindeer.
Today they serve as a companion dog which is ideally suited to city and
suburban households. "Poms" are alert, highly intelligent and active
little dogs which are easily trained. Many have successfully competed in
obedience, agility, tracking and flyball and have been trained as hearing
assistance dogs. They also make excellent therapy dogs and may often be seen
consoling the sick and elderly in hospitals and nursing homes.
The Pomeranian standard calls for a dog which is between 3 and 7 pounds; has
small erect ears; a thick double coat (long guard hairs held off the body by a
soft fluffy undercoat) which is an all-weather protectant against heat, cold,
rain or snow; a tail covered with long hair which lies flat over the back; and a
pronounced stop which gives it the appearance of a high forehead. Most correctly
sized Poms, there is no such thing as a Teacup or Toy Pomeranian - they are a
toy breed, are between 4 and 7 pounds.
It is not uncommon for poorly bred Pomeranians to be "over
standard" - to exceed the weight limit set forth in the breed standard -
with many weighing from 10 to 15 pounds. Poor quality Pomeranians are also
usually lacking an undercoat to hold up the guard hairs and do not have a
pronounced stop causing their heads to resemble their larger Nordic cousins. All
Poms should have small, almond shaped eyes but it is not uncommon for both
normal sized and over standard Poms to have large, round eyes.
Updated: April 25, 2013